Answered By: Melissa Hozey Last Updated: Jan 04, 2017 Views: 18
Not all articles have DOIs. Some database providers (ex: EBSCO, ProQuest, etc.) provide their own permanent links to articles in formats different from DOIs. These can often be found with the citation information for an article. This article has a ProQuest document ID (89071342) as well as a document URL. This information is in the indexing portion of the article info.