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Hello, I am writing a 2-3 page paper on Promoting Brain Health and have to use a video series as my reference. How would I cite this in text and

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Hello, I am writing a 2-3 page paper on Promoting Brain Health and have to use a video series as my reference. How would I cite this in text and otherwise for this paper correctly?

Answered By: Linda Kern
Last Updated: Dec 12, 2016     Views: 53

Hello!

Information on citing a video is in the APA Manual on page 209, at the bottom. The format is:

Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year). Title of video [format]. Country of Origin: Studio.

For example:

Grubin, D. (Producer). (2004). The secret life of the brain [DVD]. United States: Thirteen/WNET.

The first two elements of the reference entry are used in the text:

Grubin (2004) blah blah blah

blah blah blah (Grubin, 2004)

Thanks for asking!

Comments (4)

  1. I also have this assignment & watched the episodes of this video on YouTube. Should I use a citation to that site (like this -- http://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/apa-format/youtube-video/) or should I cite as though I watched it on a DVD?
    Also, should I reference each episode if I make reference to a specific episode? the PBS website lists different directors for each episode - www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/about_credits.html.
    Thank you for your help -- Becky Kim
    by Rebecca Kim on Sep 13, 2016.
  2. Yes, the format does matter. Here are APA's instructions for citing YouTube: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/10/how-to-create-a-reference-for-a-youtube-video.html . I checked EasyBib against APA because APA is the authoritative source, and found that EasyBib did a good job with this citation. The only thing to be changed is adding a space between the first and middle initial.

    The YouTube format answers your second question. Since each video is uploaded separately and has a different link, you will want to list each episode separately in the reference list and cite the episode that is the source of the specific information in the text.
    by Linda Kern on Sep 14, 2016.
  3. 1. In reference to above questions, would we cite the video itself, then each episode we discuss in our paper via their YouTube citations in the references?

    Grubin, D. (Producer). (2004). The secret life of the brain [DVD]. United States:
    Thirteen/WNET.

    or
    Schaar, B. (2015, July 15). PBS The Secret Life of the Brain 1of5 The Babys Brain.[Video file].
    Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDOmQS-t_qM

    2. Do I correct his spacing and grammar in the title?!

    3. Also if I am citing one of the speakers in the video, would I cite the speaker in the text like in my example below, according to APA format?

    4. Which reference would I list for the in-text citation, the actual video or the youtube site?

    Example:
    In the first episode, Terri Lewis with MacMaster University states that babies are like “little scientists” (Grubin, 2004). or (Schaar, 2015)?

    5. She is a Dr. (I looked her up but I don't know if her degree is medical or a PhD. Do I mention that she is a Dr. in the text and if so, how do I do so according to APA format?

    6. The video shows her university, however, the university is misspelled! (It is McMaster, not MacMaster.) Would I cite the university in an in text reference? Would I correct the spelling?

    Sorry for all the questions but I am sure I will run across these issues again sometime! Thank you!
    by Dana Pudenz on Sep 15, 2016.
  4. Hi! To respond to your questions in order... 1. In reference to above questions, would we cite the video itself, then each episode we discuss in our paper via their YouTube citations in the references? and 4. Which reference would I list for the in-text citation, the actual video or the YouTube site? First, always cite the material that you used. If you viewed the YouTube version, that citation goes in both the references and in the text. Second, the citation in the references is based on the one you put in the text of the paper. So if you cite information from the 1st video in the series in the text, that source has to go in the references. 2. Do I correct his spacing and grammar in the title?! No, you don't. There is an assumption that the author intended it to be that way. The spacing and grammar remain as listed in the source. That said APA calls for inserting [sic] - italicized and bracketed - immediately after an error in a direct quote. For your purpose here, I would insert [sic] in the reference entry just so your professor understands that you know it's incorrect. 3. Also if I am citing one of the speakers in the video, would I cite the speaker in the text like in my example below, according to APA format? and 5. She is a Dr. (I looked her up but I don't know if her degree is medical or a PhD. Do I mention that she is a Dr. in the text and if so, how do I do so according to APA format? and 6. The video shows her university, however, the university is misspelled! (It is McMaster, not MacMaster.) Would I cite the university in an in text reference? Would I correct the spelling? Technically, you are not "citing" the speaker. You are naming the speaker. You are citing the source - the version of the video that you viewed. When writing, you have to decide whether it's important to name the individual speaker or not. You might name the speaker when it is an exceptionally impressive researcher in the field. For example, Skinner observed that... (Schaar, 2015). Otherwise, it's not necessary to name the individual. It is assumed that any sources used for your paper will be credible and credentialed, and therefore you don't have to prove it by naming the individual, the institution, or the degree. An exception might be a situation where Lewis found that..., whereas Smith has produced contrary findings (Schaar, 2015). In this case naming the researcher helps the reader to understand the contradictory findings. It's not necessary to name the researcher's institution. I think I got it all! Hit me back if I didn't.
    by Linda Kern on Sep 15, 2016.

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